Where did the Nazi salute come from? It was really the Roman salute.
These are the qualities of life to which every citizen (and, ideally, everyone else) should aspire. They are the heart of the Via Romana — the Roman Way — and are thought to be those qualities which gave the Roman Republic the moral strength to conquer and civilize the world. Today, they are the rods against which we can measure our own behavior and character, and we can strive to better understand and practice them in our everyday lives.
- Auctoritas - "Spiritual Authority" The sense of one's social standing, built up through experience, Pietas, and Industria.
- Comitas - "Humour" Ease of manner, courtesy, openness, and friendliness.
- Clementia - "Mercy" Mildness and gentleness.
- Dignitas - "Dignity" A sense of self-worth, personal pride.
- Firmitas - "Tenacity" Strength of mind, the ability to stick to one's purpose.
- Frugalitas - "Frugalness" Economy and simplicity of style, without being miserly.
- Gravitas- "Gravity" A sense of the importance of the matter at hand, responsibility and earnestness.
- Honestas - "Respectibility" The image that one presents as a respectable member of society.
- Humanitas - "Humanity" Refinement, civilization, learning, and being cultured.
- Industria - "Industriousness" Hard work.
- Pietas - "Dutifulness" More than religious piety; a respect for the natural order socially, politically, and religiously. Includes the ideas of patriotism and devotion to others.
- Prudentia - "Prudence" Foresight, wisdom, and personal discretion.
- Salubritas - "Wholesomeness" Health and cleanliness.
- Severitas - "Sternness" Gravity, self-control.
- Veritas - "Truthfulness" Honesty in dealing with others.
In addition to the private virtues which were aspired to by individuals, Roman culture also strove to uphold virtues which were shared by all of society in common. Note that some of the virtues to which individuals were expected to aspire are also public virtues to be sought by society as a whole. These virtues were often expressed by minting them on coinage; in this way, their message would be shared by all the classical world. In many cases, these virtues were personified as deities.
For more, see Aquila - The Public Roman Virtues (Nova Roma).
- Abundantia - "Abundance, Plenty" The ideal of there being enough food and prosperity for all segments of society.
- Aequitas - "Equity" Fair dealing both within government and among the people.
- Bonus Eventus - "Good fortune" Rememberance of important positive events.
- Clementia - "Clemency" Mercy, shown to other nations.
- Concordia - "Concord" Harmony among the Roman people, and also between Rome and other nations.
- Felicitas - "Happiness, prosperity" A celebration of the best aspects of Roman society.
- Fides - "Confidence" Good faith in all commercial and governmental dealings.
- Fortuna - "Fortune" An acknowledgement of positive events.
- Genius - "Spirit of Rome" Acknowledgement of the combined spirit of Rome, and its people.
- Hilaritas - "Mirth, rejoicing" An expression of happy times.
- Iustitia - "Justice" As expressed by sensible laws and governance.
- Laetitia - "Joy, Gladness" The celebration of thanksgiving, often of the resolution of crisis.
- Liberalitas - "Liberality" Generous giving.
- Libertas - "Freedom" A virtue which has been subsequently aspired to by all cultures.
- Nobilitas - "Noblility" Noble action within the public sphere.
- Ops - "Wealth" Acknowledgement of the prosperity of the Roman world.
- Patientia - "Endurance, Patience" The ability to weather storms and crisis.
- Pax - "Peace" A celebration of peace among society and between nations.
- Pietas - "Piety, Dutifulness" People paying honor to the gods.
- Providentia - "Providence, Fortethought" The ability of Roman society to survive trials and manifest a greater destiny.
- Pudicita - "Modesty, Chastity." A public expression which belies the accusation of "moral corruptness" in ancient Rome.
- Salus - "Safety" Concern for public health and wellfare.
- Securitas - "Confidence, Security" Brought by peace and efficient governance.
- Spes - "Hope" Especially during times of difficulty.
- Uberitas - "Fertility" Particularly concerning agriculture.
- Virtus - "Courage" Especially of leaders within society and government.
These virtues are the opposite of what liberals preach, are they not?
They prefer the seven deadly sins topped with the icing of self-pity.
The symbolism of the fasces suggested strength through unity; a single rod is easily broken, while the bundle is very difficult to break.
Think of any Fascist symbol or even the swastika and compare that to the sorry infantilised blurred torn rags we now have today for what passes for ideology or morality and you will see what I mean.
Hardly anyone studies the Classics now, with the results that are now plain to see.
Compare the Twelve Tables of Rome http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelve_Tables to the Conservative Party who cannot find their principles anywhere and seem to think they are contained in David Cameron's Foreword in their 2010 General Election manifesto. http://media.conservatives.s3.amazonaws.com/manifesto/cpmanifesto2010_lowres.pdf
Feminists would be horrified by the position of women in those times and wish to suppress knowledge of any patriarchy that existed before the hegemony of feminism, wouldn't they? The historical ignorance of the typical British schoolchild is testament to success of the female-dominated teaching profession in suppressing knowledge of the patriarchal past. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-2175009/Our-schools-need-tough-guys-teaching-teenage-boys-feminised-men-caring-primary-level-infants.html
Are Conservatives just people who don't know they are Fascist?