For you, brothers and sisters, became imitators of God’s churches in Judea, which are in Christ Jesus: You suffered from your own people the same things those churches suffered from the Jews 15 who killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and also drove us out. They displease God and are hostile to everyone 16 in their effort to keep us from speaking to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. In this way they always heap up their sins to the limit. The wrath of God has come upon them at last.
I believe the following sums up exactly why the Jews were so furious with Jesus, and I paraphrase:
What, you want to give our God to the goyim? And to persuade them, you are telling them that our Yahweh is your papa?
Probably, there were quite a few times when Joseph his stepfather wanted to wring his stepson's neck. One can imagine Jesus being insufferably sanctimonious as a child and an adolescent.
The Boy Jesus at the Temple - The Stepfather's Version